链表的实战讲解(综合以前的基础)

这是前面我讲得算法与数据结构中链表的综合,如果这里不明白请看前面的基础知识:链接地址

#include <stdio.h>

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>


/* 定义一个结构体 */

typedef struct NAME{
char *name;
struct NAME *pre;
struct NAME *next;
}T_Name, *PT_Name;

static PT_Name   g_ptNameHead;    /* 定义链表头 */

void add_name(PT_Name ptNew)
{
PT_Name ptCur;

if (g_ptNameHead == NULL)
{
g_ptNameHead = ptNew;
}
else
{
ptCur = g_ptNameHead;
while (ptCur->next)
{
ptCur = ptCur->next;
}
ptCur->next = ptNew;
ptNew->pre  = ptCur;
}
}

void del_name(PT_Name ptDel)
{
PT_Name ptCur;
PT_Name ptPre;
PT_Name ptNext;

if (g_ptNameHead == ptDel)   /* 如果链表头等于当前删除的链表 */
{
g_ptNameHead = ptDel->next;
/* 释放 */
return;
}
else
{
ptCur = g_ptNameHead->next;
while (ptCur)
{
if (ptCur == ptDel)
{
/* 从链表中删除 */
ptPre  = ptCur->pre;
ptNext = ptCur->next;
ptPre->next = ptNext;
if (ptNext)
{
ptNext->pre = ptPre;
}
break;
}
else
{
ptCur = ptCur->next;
}
}
}

free(ptDel->name);
free(ptDel);
}


void add_one_name()

{
PT_Name ptNew;
char *str;
char name[128];

printf("enter the name:");
scanf("%s", name);

str  = malloc(strlen(name) + 1);  

/* name是一个局部变量,用来存放名字,当这个函数结束的时候,该内存就得释放,所以我们得单独分配一块内来存放这个name ,下面还得用malloc来分配一个结构体大的内存空间,记住我们定义结构体的时候不能添加static,因为定义结构提示不会分配内存空间的,他定义的只是这种类型,所以我们增加的时候一定要记得分配内存*/

strcpy(str, name);
ptNew = malloc(sizeof(T_Name));
ptNew->name = str;
ptNew->pre  = NULL;
ptNew->next = NULL;

add_name(ptNew);
}

PT_Name get_name(char *name)
{
PT_Name ptCur;
if (g_ptNameHead == NULL)
{
return NULL;
}
else
{
ptCur = g_ptNameHead;
do {
if (strcmp(ptCur->name, name) == 0)
return ptCur;
else
ptCur = ptCur->next;
}while (ptCur);
}


return NUL;

}

void del_one_name()
{
PT_Name ptFind;
char name[128];

printf("enter the name:");
scanf("%s", name);

ptFind = get_name(name);

if (ptFind == NULL)
{
printf("do not have this name\n");
return ;
}

del_name(ptFind);
}

void list_all_name(void)
{
PT_Name ptCur;
int i = 0;
ptCur = g_ptNameHead;
while (ptCur)
{
printf("%02d : %s\n", i++, ptCur->name);
ptCur = ptCur->next;
}
}

int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
char c;
while (1)
{
printf("<l> List all the names\n");
printf("<a> add one name\n");
printf("<d> del one name\n");
printf("<x> exit\n");
printf("Enter the choise: ");

c = getchar();

switch (c)
{
case 'l':
{
list_all_name();
break;
}
case 'a':

{

add_one_name();

break;
}
case 'd':
{
del_one_name();
break;
}
case 'x':
{
return 0;
break;
}
default:
{
break;
}
}
}

return 0;
}

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